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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-64

Risk assessment of chronic poisoning among Indian metallic miners


Department and Institution: Occupational Medicine, National Institute of Miners' Health, JNARDDC Campus, Wadi, Nagpur - 440023, India

Correspondence Address:
Sarang V Dhatrak
National Institute of Miners' Health, JNARDDC Campus, Wadi, Nagpur - 440023, MS
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.55121

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The estimated average daily employment in the Indian mining sector is 5,60,000, which comprises 87% in the public sector and 13% in the private sector, of which around 70,000 are working in metallic mines. The mine workers are exposed to dust of various potentially toxic substances. The common toxicants present in the mining environment are lead, mercury, cadmium, manganese, aluminium, fluoride, arsenic, etc. Inhalation and absorption through the skin are common routes of exposure. Low-dose chronic exposure of toxic substances results in the accumulation of toxicants in the body. Hence, there is a need to monitor the mining environment as well as the miners for these toxicants.






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