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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-76

The uses and adverse effects of beryllium on health


1 Physiology Division, Birmingham City University, Egbaston Campus, 030 Bevan House, Westbourne Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 3TN, United Kingdom
2 Section for Biochemistry & Physiology, Department of Animal & Veterinary Basic Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Copenhagen University, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark

Correspondence Address:
Ross G Cooper
Physiology Division, Birmingham City University, Egbaston Campus, 030 Bevan House, Westbourne Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 3TN
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.55122

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Context: This review describes the health effects of beryllium exposure in the workplace and the environment. Aim: To collate information on the consequences of occupational and environmental exposure to beryllium on physiological function and well being. Materials and Methods: The criteria used in the current review for selecting articles were adopted from proposed criteria in The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. Articles were classified based on acute and chronic exposure and toxicity of beryllium. Results: The proportions of utilized and nonutilized articles were tabulated. Years 2001-10 gave the greatest match (45.9%) for methodological parameters, followed by 27.71% for 1991-2000. Years 1971-80 and 1981-90 were not significantly different in the information published and available whereas years 1951-1960 showed a lack of suitable articles. Some articles were published in sources unobtainable through requests at the British Library, and some had no impact factor and were excluded. Conclusion: Beryllium has some useful but undoubtedly harmful effects on health and well-being. Measures need to be taken to prevent hazardous exposure to this element, making its biological monitoring in the workplace essential.






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