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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121-126

Health risks of employees working in pesticide retail shops: An exploratory study


Epidemiology Division, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), PB No. 80, Lucknow - 226 001, India

Correspondence Address:
A K Srivastava
Epidemiology Section, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR), PB No. 80, MG Marg, Lucknow - 226 001
India
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Source of Support: UPCST, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.58914

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Background: Shop keepers dealing with pesticides are exposed to multiple pesticides that include organophosphates, organochlorines, carbamates, pyrethroids. Hence an exploratory health study was conducted on shopkeepers selling pesticides in urban areas of Lucknow and Barabanki District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: Detailed information regarding socio-economic status, family history, personal habits and work practices were recorded for 20 subjects and controls by the investigator on a pre-tested questionnaire. Clinical examination including neurological studies of the shopkeepers and control subjects was done. Results: The study revealed significant slowing of motor nerve conduction velocity and low peak expiratory flow rate among shopkeepers as compared to control subjects. Prevalence of significantly higher gastro-intestinal problems was also observed among exposed subjects. Neurological, ocular, cardiovascular and musculo-skeletal symptoms were also found to be higher among shopkeepers. This was not statistically significant. Significantly higher relative risk for sickness related to systems viz., cardio-vasular, genito-urinary, respiratory, nervous and dermal was observed among exposed subjects compared to controls. Conclusions: These findings provide a prima facie evidence of clinical manifestations because of multiple exposures to pesticides and poor safety culture at work place.






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