Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Official publication of Indian Association of  0ccupational  Health  
 Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 Users Online:202

  IAOH | Subscription | e-Alerts | Feedback | Login 

Home About us Current Issue Archives Search Instructions
   Next article
   Previous article
   Table of Contents

   Similar in PUBMED
     Search Pubmed for
     Search in Google Scholar for
   Related articles
    Citation Manager
    Access Statistics
    Reader Comments
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2145    
    Printed89    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded94    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 

 BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-28

Silicosis in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu: A passive surveillance study


Department of TB and Chest Diseases, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Keerthivasan Sivanmani
No. 55, Ashok Nagar 2nd Avenue, MKP Colony, Ganapathy, Coimbatore - 641 006
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.116370

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Silicosis in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu: A passive surveillance study. Aim: This study was done to describe the level of preventive measures and level of awareness among the patients diagnosed with silicosis during a one-year period. Settings and Design: Coimbatore Medical College Hospital. Materials and Methods: This is a passive surveillance study based on patients diagnosed with silicosis in our outpatient facility for a one-year period between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012. Results: Seventeen cases of silicosis were diagnosed based on history of exposure to silica and radiological features. The mean age was 55 years with 16 males and one female. The average duration of exposure was 22 years. A protective mask was used by 29% of the patients and one patient had awareness about the risks of exposure to silica. Active tuberculosis was found in 12% and old tuberculosis in 47% of patients; 59% of the patients were smokers. Spirometry showed a restrictive pattern in 59% of the patients. Radiologically nodular opacities with upper-zone predominance was found in majority of the cases. Conclusion: Most patients are exposed to silica in unorganized industries. Majority of the patients lack awareness about the disease and there is a low implementation of preventive and control measures. As this study was a passive surveillance, it represents only the tip of iceberg and an active field-level surveillance could reveal the true prevalence of this disease.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article