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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-83

Occupation-related psychological distress among police constables of Udupi taluk, Karnataka: A cross-sectional study

Department of Public Health, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shradha Sadanand Parsekar
Department of Public Health, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka
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Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None declared.

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.165329

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Background: Police occupational stress is an extensive issue due to number of negative consequences on an individual as well as the police department which is often neglected. This study is the first of its kind in Udupi district. Aim: The present study intended to find out the prevalence of psychological distress among police constable, assess stressors, and the factors influencing it. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among police constables in police stations of Udupi taluk. Subjects and Methods: A total of 76 constables participated in the study, who were taken up from seven randomly selected police stations. General health questionnaire and organizational and operational police stress questionnaire were used to assess psychological distress and stressors, respectively. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15. Results were tabulated using frequency distribution and proportions for dichotomous variables and mean with a standard deviation for continuous variables. Chi-square test was performed to find the association between psychological distress and other variables. Results: One-fourth (95% confidence interval: 0.153, 0.347) of the participants reported as having high levels of psychological distress. Years of service and 28 stressful activities were significantly associated with psychological distress. Conclusion: Psychological distress among the police constables is of concern; hence some modifications such as sharing work, fixed duty hours, etc., should be done in the police department in order to avoid stress and its adverse effects. Stress management training can be given at regular intervals to improve competitiveness and enhance coping skills.


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