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  Table of Contents 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99

The spiritual dimension of health for more spirituality at workplace

1 Health Service Department, State Police, Ministry of Interior, Italy and Department of Woman/Child and Public Health Sciences, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
2 Department of Woman/Child and Public Health Science, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy

Date of Submission24-Sep-2018
Date of Acceptance18-Mar-2019
Date of Web Publication25-Sep-2019

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Francesco Chirico
Department of Woman/Child and Public Health Sciences, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoem.IJOEM_209_18

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How to cite this article:
Chirico F, Magnavita N. The spiritual dimension of health for more spirituality at workplace. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2019;23:99

How to cite this URL:
Chirico F, Magnavita N. The spiritual dimension of health for more spirituality at workplace. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 14];23:99. Available from:


The editorial by Saini [1] raised a question about the opportunity to introduce spirituality programs at workplace to improve workers' well-being and productivity. In literature, it is well recognized the beneficial role of both spirituality and religion on mental and physical health.[2],[3] They, therefore, should be used into the framework of the Workplace Health Promotion programs to promote good lifestyles and behaviors (e.g. smoking and alcohol habits) that may positively impact on work-related diseases and to increase resilience and coping mechanisms to deal with psychosocial hazards, such as violence, burnout, and work-related stress.[4] According to International Labour of Office, occupational health and safety encompasses the social, mental, and physical well-being of workers, in agreement with World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion that define health as “… a state of complete physical, mental and social health.” As spiritual well-being should not be confused with psychosocial well-being, it would be useful to review the WHO's health definition adding to it the “spiritual well-being” dimension as well.[5] Indeed, national and governative organisms and legislations follow the current WHO's health definition to drive employers for the achievement of the ambitious objective to protect the health of all workers. In Europe, for instance, after the European Court of Justice took a decision in 1996, EU legislation defined health in the workplace of all EU member state as the “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Although the current holistic definition of health at workplace is considered as the foundation for encouraging employers to set up workplace health programs, including explicitly the spiritual dimension in the WHO's health definition would encourage more research and initiatives on spirituality at workplace.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Saini R. Developing spirituality at workplace: Boon or bane. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2017;21:43-4.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
Seybold KS, Hill PC. The role of religion and spirituality in mental and physical health. Curr Dir Psychol Sci 2001;10:21-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
Chirico F. Religious belief and mental health in lay and consacrated italian teachers. J Rel Health 2017;56:839-51.  Back to cited text no. 3
Magnavita N. Medical surveillance, continuous health promotion and a participatory intervention in a small company. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018;15:pii: E662. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15040662.  Back to cited text no. 4
Chirico F. Spiritual well-being in the 21st century: It is time to review the current WHO's health definition. J Health Soc Sci 2016;1:11-6.  Back to cited text no. 5


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