Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Official publication of Indian Association of  0ccupational  Health  
 Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 Users Online:159

  IAOH | Subscription | e-Alerts | Feedback | Login 

Home About us Current Issue Archives Search Instructions
  Search
 
  
 
    Similar in PUBMED
     Search Pubmed for
     Search in Google Scholar for
    Article in PDF (221 KB)
    Citation Manager
    Access Statistics
    Reader Comments
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  


   References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed271    
    Printed10    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded13    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 


 
  Table of Contents 
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 146
 

Tuberculosis screening among the patients with pulmonary silicosis


1 Medical Center, RVT Medical Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, India

Date of Submission17-Aug-2019
Date of Decision25-Sep-2019
Date of Acceptance26-Sep-2019
Date of Web Publication16-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Won Sriwijitalai
RVT Medical Center, Bangkok
Thailand
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijoem.IJOEM_197_19

Rights and Permissions

 



How to cite this article:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwanitkit V. Tuberculosis screening among the patients with pulmonary silicosis. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2019;23:146

How to cite this URL:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwanitkit V. Tuberculosis screening among the patients with pulmonary silicosis. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 May 27];23:146. Available from: http://www.ijoem.com/text.asp?2019/23/3/146/273030




Dear Editor, pulmonary silicosis is an important lung disease that is related to the occupational or environmental exposure. This problem is usually a new emerging lung disease in any setting with newly developed industries.[1] Thailand is an Indochina country with many new industries. The pulmonary silicosis becomes a new emerging disease in several areas of Thailand.[2] Beungkarn province is a Thai rural province with international border between Thailand and Laos. The distance between Bangkok and this province is 630 kilometers. The pulmonary silicosis becomes a new emerging lung disease that has just been detected in this country for a few years.

In the same setting, the local problematic lung disease is tuberculosis, which is a common Mycobacterial infection of lung. There are many risk populations for tuberculosis such as those with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Regarding pulmonary silicosis, there are some reports on its association with pulmonary tuberculosis.[3],[4] Here, the authors analyzed the local data from available public epidemiological reports on tuberculosis active screening in Beungkarn province (http://bie.moph.go.th/e-insreport/file_report/2019-06-24-06-04-50-22.pdf). Adding to general screening for the risk population, the screening for tuberculosis among the new cases with pulmonary silicosis is also performed. Based on the available data on 2018, there were patients with pulmonary silicosis who received tuberculosis screening by X-ray investigation, sputum microbiology and molecular diagnostic test (Gene Xpert MTB/RIF assay). Of interest, the prevalence of tuberculosis is equal to 0%. Although tuberculosis is very common in our setting, there is still no detected tuberculosis among the patients with pulmonary silicosis. Nevertheless, this report is a preliminary report on this topic from Indochina. It can add to the previous only one report from Thailand that there are some patients with concurrent tuberculosis and silicosis.[5] Since pulmonary silico is an important problem coming with newly developed industries, the increased incidence of disease might be expected and the possible interrelationship with pulmonary tuberculosis, which is an endemic disease in Indochina should not be forgotten. A long term surveillance for both disease is necessary.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Leung CC, Yu IT, Chen W. Silicosis. Lancet 2012;379:2008-18.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Aungkasuvapala N, Juengprasert W, Obhasi N. Silicosis and pulmonary tuberculosis in stone-grinding factories in Saraburi, Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai 1995;78:662-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Barboza CE, Winter DH, Seiscento M, Santos Ude P, Terra Filho M. Tuberculosis and silicosis: Epidemiology, diagnosis and chemoprophylaxis. J Bras Pneumol 2008;34:959-66.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Girdler-Brown BV, White NW, Ehrlich RI, Churchyard GJ. The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers. Am J Ind Med 2008;51:640-7.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Aungkasuvapala N, Juengprasert W, Obhasi N. Silicosis and pulmonary tuberculosis in stone-grinding factories in Saraburi, Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai 1995;78:662-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

Top
Print this article  Email this article