Year : 2016  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 118--120

Occupational bronchiolitis induced by cotton dust exposure in a nonsmoker


Richa Mittal, Pawan Gupta, Sunil K Chhabra 
 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil K Chhabra
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi - 110 007
India

The most well-known disease caused by cotton dust is byssinosis though it is also associated with chronic obstructive airways disease, and very rarely, interstitial lung disease. Obliterative bronchiolitis has never been reported in this setting. We report a 63-year-old, nonsmoker male, who presented with complaints of cough and exertional dyspnoea for 10 years. He had worked in textile industry for 35 years and symptoms had persisted even after quitting. Examination revealed prolonged expiration with expiratory wheeze, and pulmonary function tests revealed severe airflow limitation with air trapping and impaired diffusion capacity. Arterial blood gas analysis showed type I respiratory failure. A high resolution computed tomogram of the chest showed bilateral centrilobular nodules with tree-in-bud pattern and areas of air trapping. A diagnosis of obliterative bronchiolitis induced by cotton dust exposure was established on the basis of the occupational history and the characteristic radiological signs.


How to cite this article:
Mittal R, Gupta P, Chhabra SK. Occupational bronchiolitis induced by cotton dust exposure in a nonsmoker.Indian J Occup Environ Med 2016;20:118-120


How to cite this URL:
Mittal R, Gupta P, Chhabra SK. Occupational bronchiolitis induced by cotton dust exposure in a nonsmoker. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Jun 3 ];20:118-120
Available from: http://www.ijoem.com/article.asp?issn=0973-2284;year=2016;volume=20;issue=2;spage=118;epage=120;aulast=Mittal;type=0