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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-79

Metabolic syndrome in different sub occupations among mine workers

Department of Occupational Health, National Institute of Miners' Health, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
S Nandi Subroto
Department of Occupational Health, National Institute of MinersĀí Health, JNARDDC Campus, Wadi, Nagpur - 440 023, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None declared.

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.165330

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Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition described by the group of risk factors associated with obesity that raise the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. MS has an increasing trend in developing countries with change of diet and lifestyle. Many studies in India have reported high prevalence of MS among general population however there is little information available about the same in working population. Material and Methods: The present study was conducted among 281 mine employees from an organized mining company from Southern India. The workers were classified into different sub occupational groups according to ISCO-88. WHO Criteria was used for the diagnosis of MS. Results: The overall prevalence of MS in mine employees was about 17%. Among different sub occupations, the highest was observed in professional group of 52.9% and lowest in elementary occupations of 9.4%. In other sub occupational groups it was 23.3% in clerical, 18.9% in trade workers, 17.5% in technicians and 15.5% in machine operators. Occurrence of MS when compared in different sub occupations was statistically significant (P =<0.001). Further MS was found to be 6.4% in the 18-30 years of age group which significantly increased to 40.3% in the 51-60 years age group suggesting direct relation of MS with increase in age. Discussion: Mining being physical demanding occupation prevalence of MS is assumed to be lower than the general population; however it was observed that the prevalence is in similar line to that of general population with the prevalence ranging from 9.4% to 52.9% among different sub occupations. Hence it is concluded that there is need of health education and promotion among the mine workers.


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