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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 144-149

Musculoskeletal morbidity among construction workers: A cross-sectional community-based study

1 Department of Community Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Chennai, India
2 Indian Administrative Service, Government of , Assistant Collector, Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Gopireddy M. M Reddy
Staff Villa No. A4, First Floor, Chettinad Health City Campus, Kelambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 603 103
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.203134

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Background: Construction industry is one of the stable growing industries in India. People working in construction industries are at a risk of various occupational diseases. Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) is the single largest cause of work-related illness, accounting for over 33% of all newly reported occupational illnesses in the general population and approximately 77% in construction workers. In spite of the high prevalence and wide range of adverse consequences, the studies highlighting the burden and impact of musculoskeletal morbidities are very scarce in India. The current study is aimed at filling this vital gap in the current knowledge. Objective: To assess the musculoskeletal morbidities among construction workers using the modified Nordisk Scale. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted by 30 × 10 multistage cluster random sampling method in Chennai Metropolitan city. Results: Out of the 308 participants included in the final analysis, majority were 21–40 years. Working hours ranged from 8 to 12 hours. Duration of work ranged from 2 months to 20 years. Out of 308 participants, 104 workers (33.8%) had musculoskeletal problems. Three most common disorders discovered were low backache seen in 64 (20.8%), shoulder pain seen in 36 (11.7%), and wrist pain seen in 36 (11.7%) participants. The proportion of hospitalized participants in the last 1 year was 7.8%. Total duration in the construction field, duration of work hours, and higher age had statistically significant impact on musculoskeletal morbidity. Conclusion: The prevalence of musculoskeletal morbidity was very high in construction workers, with resulting adverse impact on the workers. Immense attention, in the form of appropriate prevention measures, is needed to effectively address this public health problem.


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