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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 142-147

Measuring the drudgery and time-poverty of rural women - A pilot study from rural Rajasthan

Vikas Anvesh Foundation, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhijeet V Jadhav
Vikas Anvesh Foundation. 6th Floor, Galore Tech, LMD Chowk, Bavdhan, Pune, Maharashtra - 411 021
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoem.IJOEM_151_19

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Context: Women’s hard-work toward family responsibility is rarely examined from a health perspective. Excessive physical work translates into musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It is essential to understand certain parameters of this burden. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 565 rural women. The participants were selected using a stratified random sampling method. A pre-tested questionnaire was used, focusing mainly on physical activities, durations, and health complaints. Results: The self-reported mean durations of various physical were quite high. On average, a woman spent around 11 h per day in domestic work-related physical activities. Older women (more than 50 years) spent similar durations for most of the physical activities compared to younger women (50 years or less). In the sample, 53.4% (n = 302) participants reported at least one Chronic MSD, and 16.99% (n = 96) took medication for the same in the last one year. Point prevalence of low back pain (LBP) was 29.2% (CI 25.5 to 33.1). Women worked even with MSDs as there was no significant difference in the mean durations among women with and without MSDs for most of the activity categories except for ‘work in bending position’ and ‘work in farm’. General caste women spent higher time in domestic work. Conclusions: Higher self-reported MSDs were likely to be contributed by continuous and repeated strenuous domestic work. Women had to continue working even with MSDs or higher age. Women got very less time for rest. Provision of basic amenities like electricity, water, cooking fuel, etc. at doorstep can help. Below poverty line women seem to have higher burden of MSDs.


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